Performance Measures for Haptic Interfaces

  • Vincent Hayward
  • Oliver R. Astley


A haptic interface is distinct from other display devices because it is bi-directional; it is capable of both reading and writing input to and from a human user. Due to both the direct human interaction and bi-directionality there has been much ambiguity in describing and evaluating these devices, making evaluation and comparison difficult. The goal of this paper is to set out requirements and guidelines for the performance measures of haptic devices and to hopefully lead towards resolving the current equivocal situation. In particular, performance measures are introduced which have so far not been pertinent in traditional robotics; these include, peak force, peak acceleration and frequency dependent measurements. Performance measures often quoted in traditional robotics are also discussed, however, the focus and relevance of these measures are different in haptic devices. Each of the suggested performance measures in this paper is discussed with respect to its importance, its measurabilty and the condition under which it should be measured.


Peak Force Peak Acceleration Haptic Device Haptic Interface Isometric Condition 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vincent Hayward
    • 1
  • Oliver R. Astley
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Intelligent MachinesMcGill UniversityMontréalCanada

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