Determination of Operating Reserve
rapid fluctuations in demand or outputs of generating sets
unexpected reduction in the output of generating plant (partial outages)
sudden loss of generation
under-estimation of demand or unexpected increase in demand
unexpected constraints in transmission plant.
KeywordsInterconnected System Thermal Unit Mean Time Between Failure Spinning Reserve Primary Reserve
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- 1.K.W. Edwin and H.D. Kochs of CIGRE Study Committee No. 32, Electra No. 76.Google Scholar