Pars Plana Vitrectomy (PPV): Basic Set-up

  • Anthony H. Chignell
  • David Wong


Good optics for visualisation of the posterior segment is an important part of the basic set-up of PPV. Systems for viewing through the operating microscope employ direct and indirect optics (Fig. 14.1).


Macular Hole Deep Indentation Retinal Break Light Pipe Vitreous Base 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anthony H. Chignell
    • 1
  • David Wong
    • 2
  1. 1.St Thomas’ HospitalLondonUK
  2. 2.St Paul’s Eye UnitRoyal Liverpool University HospitalLiverpoolUK

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