BIS ’99 pp 55-75 | Cite as

Information Systems in Customer-Oriented, Dynamic Environments: The Marketplace as a Metaphor

  • Peter C. Lockemann
Conference paper


The future of information systems lies in having a balanced view of both, their technical proficiency and their utility to persons and organizations. Complementing the two means finding some common ground for both. The premise of this paper is that this ground is provided by something like an information marketplace in which information products and services should be offered at fair market value. The objective of the paper is to argue that the marketplace can only evolve if there exists a suitable information infrastructure. The main argument is that this infrastructure should submit itself to the laws of a market economy. The main result is that the laws must acknowledge that the infrastructure consists of two tiers: A lower tier of so-called middleware and Internet functionality, possibly combined, and an upper tier which follows the I3 reference architecture and encompasses wrappers, mediators, facilitators and possibly browsers. The paper concludes by claiming that this view poses scientific challenges not just to technology but also to the economic and legal sciences.


Digital Library Electronic Commerce User Agent Object Management Group Reference Architecture 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter C. Lockemann
    • 1
  1. 1.Fakultät für InformatikUniversität Karlsruhe and Forschungszentrum Informatik an der Universität Karlsruhe (FZI)KarlsruheGermany

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