Venous Function, Dysfunction and Venous Insufficiency

  • Lawrence L. Tretbar


Although the function of the leg veins might seem to be the passive transport of blood from the foot to the heart, the venous system is far more hemodynamically active than the arterial system. In addition to transporting blood back to the heart, the veins are responsible for the regulation of body temperature, balancing cardiac output and as a reservoir for blood. In fact as much as two-thirds of the body’s total blood volume may be in the venous system at any one time.


Deep Venous Thrombosis Varicose Vein Calf Muscle Venous Insufficiency Chronic Venous Insufficiency 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Gardner AMN, Fox RH (1993) The Return of Blood to the Heart, 2nd rev ed. John Libbey, LondonGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Hach W, Hach-Wunderle V (1997) Phlebography and sonography of the veins. Springer, HeidelbergGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Tretbar LL (1995) Hemodynamic alterations in the greater saphenous vein before and after externally banded valvuloplasty. In Phlebology’95, Negus D et al eds, Phlebology, Suppl 1:370–372Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Trendelenburg F (1891) Ueber die Unterbindung der Vena Saphena Magna Unterschenkelvaricen. Beitr zur Klin Chir, Sieb Band. Laupp’schen, TübingenGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Brouse NL, Burnand KG, Lea Thomas M (1988) Diseases of the veins, pathology, diagnosis and treatment. Edward Arnold, LondonGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Porter JM, Rutherford RB, Clagett GP, Cranley JJ et al (1988) Reporting standards in venous disease. J Vasc Surg 8:172–181Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Venous Consensus Conference (Feb 1994) Maui, HawaiiGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Rose SS (1986) Some thoughts of the aetiology of varicose veins. J Cardiovasc Surg 27:534–543Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Perthes G (1895) Ueber die operation der unterschenkelvaricen nach Trendelenburg. Deutsche Medicin Wochenschr 16:253–257CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Hach W, Hach-Wunderle V (1994) Die Rezirkulationkreise der Primaren Varicose. Springer-Verlag, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Homans J (1917) The etiology and treatment of varicose ulcer of the leg. Surg Gynecol Obstet 24:300–311Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lawrence L. Tretbar
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Clinical SurgeryUniversity of Missouri - Kansas City School of MedicineUSA
  2. 2.Phlebologic Institute of the MidwestShawnee MissionUSA

Personalised recommendations