Hubble-bubble (narguileh): A female pattern of smoking

  • Y. Mohammad
Conference paper


In the eastern Mediterranean coastal region, women traditionally smoke ‘hubble-bubble’ (water pipes or narguileh) during their daily or weekly gatherings, with their children playing nearby. The hubble-bubble pipe consists of a narrow-necked glass container, a hose and firebrands. The container is half-filled with water, and a vertical tube leads from the water to a wad of tobacco at the narrow opening, which is lit with brands. The hose is inserted into the air space above the water, and smoke is drawn out.


Chronic Cough Forced Expiratory Volume Smokeless Tobacco Cumulative Amount Water Pipe 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Y. Mohammad
    • 1
  1. 1.Syrian Thoracic AssociationLattakiaSyria

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