Advertisement

The epidemiology of nicotine dependence

  • K. Fagerstrom
Conference paper

Abstract

Caffeine in tea and coffee is probably the world’s most heavily used drug, but it is followed by nicotine and alcohol. If one looks at dependence instead of prevalence, nicotine may addict more users than any other drug. The lifetime dependency on nicotine is approximately 24% in China and 14% in the United States. Approximately 75% of the smokers in the western world can be classified as dependent.

Keywords

Nicotine Dependence Smokeless Tobacco Abuse Drug Tobacco Dependence Tobacco Control Policy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Fagerstrom
    • 1
  1. 1.Pharmacia & UpjohnHelsingbotgSweden

Personalised recommendations