How Can the System Be Introduced Into a Workplace?

  • Jan Noyes
  • Chris Baber
Part of the Applied Computing book series (APPLCOMP)


Before attempting to define the workplace, it is necessary to consider the context (or organisation) in which it exists. However, defining the term ‘organisation’ is not easy, due to its diverse and complex nature, determined and exacerbated by the behaviour of the people who work in it. Arnold et al. (1995) made some observations about ‘organisations’ which provide a good starting point to inform the definition of the workplace:
  1. 1.

    Organisations are created and managed by humans, and ultimately they are the organisation rather than the buildings, equipment, etc.

  2. 2.

    The term ‘organisation’ does not only include the workplace, but also extends to other organised human activities, such as clubs.

  3. 3.

    To some extent, people in organisations have common goals, but individuals may work towards their own specific set of goals.



Repetitive Strain Injury Visual Display Terminal Employee Consultation System Development Project Monitor System State 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Frank Bladder and David Oborne (eds.), Information Technology and People: Designing for the Future, British Psychological Society, Leicester, 1987.Google Scholar
  2. A book that focuses on the human aspects of using information technology, and attempts to make recommendations for the design of future systems. Although a little dated now, this text still provides interesting reading about the human factors associated with the use of technology.Google Scholar
  3. Ulf Bergqvist, ‘Health-related aspects of VDT use’ in J.A.J. Rouf (ed.), The Man-Machine Interface, Vol. 15, Vision and Visual Dysfunction, Macmillan Press, London, 1991.Google Scholar
  4. This chapter covers potential and possible health complaints associated with working with computers, focusing on electromagnetic radiation and field types, as well as sound and ultrasound emission. Although a little dated now in view of recent developments in RSI (repetitive strain injuries) and computer usage, it provides a comprehensive overview of various physical emission factors from VDTs (visual display terminals).Google Scholar
  5. John Arnold, Cary L. Cooper and Ivan T. Robertson, Work Psychology: Understanding Human Behaviour in the Workplace, Pitman, London, 1995.Google Scholar
  6. This book looks at human behaviour in the workplace, and more specifically, at how people can be assessed, motivated, led, trained and developed at work. It is a combination of theory and practice covering personnel issues, such as selection and training, and organisational issues, such as decision-making.Google Scholar
  7. Stephen Pheasant, Bodyspace: Anthropometry, Ergonomics and the Design of Work, Taylor and Francis, London, 1996.Google Scholar
  8. A book that has been updated since its first edition over a decade ago, it is primarily concerned with the application of ergonomics in the workplace and the resulting benefits.Google Scholar
  9. Marianne Rudisill, Clayton Lewis, Peter B. Poison and Timothy D. McKay (eds.), Human-Computer Interface Design: Success Stories, Emerging Methods, and Real-world Context, Morgan Kaufmann, San Francisco, CA, 1996.Google Scholar
  10. As the title suggests, this considers HCI in the context of successful and emerging methods for designing and developing interfaces, and discusses how user interface design and development accommodates (or fails to accommodate) realworld organisational, commercial and practical requirements.Google Scholar
  11. K.H.E. Kroemer and E. Grandjean, Fitting the Task to the Human: A Textbook of Occupational Ergonomics, Taylor and Francis, London, 1997.Google Scholar
  12. A book, currently in its fifth edition, on the topic of occupational ergonomics. It has recently been updated to address the rapid and fundamental changes that have taken place in the workplace in the last few years. The text imparts basic knowledge of ergonomics relating to the design, management and safety of the workplace.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jan Noyes
    • 1
  • Chris Baber
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of BristolBristolUK
  2. 2.School of Manufacturing and Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of BirminghamEdgbaston, BirminghamUK

Personalised recommendations