Evolution, Development and Learning — a Nested Hierarchy?

  • T. E. Dickins
  • J. P. Levy
Conference paper
Part of the Perspectives in Neural Computing book series (PERSPECT.NEURAL)

Abstract

The Dynamical Hypothesis [22] is gathering force within cognitive science and within biology. Evolutionary, developmental and learning processes can all be characterised by the DH and any models should try to account for this property. The processes differ in terms of their operational time-scale and the resources each has to hand. Evolution sets the parameters for the dynamical interactions in development and learning. Could all three processes possibly be regarded as a nested hierarchy sharing the same dynamical properties? We ask this question and argue that a DH understanding of the potential evolution of cognitive systems could inform subsequent modelling.

Keywords

Quartz Coherence Assimilation Expense Pleistocene 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Baldwin, J. M. (1896) A new factor in evolution. The American Naturalist, 30 (June), 441–451.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Barkow, J. H., Cosrnides L. and Tooby J. (eds.). (1992) The Adapted Mind: Evolutionary Psychology and the Generation of Culture. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Carey, S. and Spelke, E. (1994) Domain-specific knowledge and conceptual change. In: Mapping the Mind: Domain Specificity in Cognition and Culture. L. A. Hirschfeld & S. A. Gelman (eds.) Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Cosmides, L. (1989). The logic of social exchange: Has natural selection shaped how humans reason? Studies with the Wason selection task. Cognition 31, 187–276.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Cosmides, L. and Tooby, J. (1992) Cognitive Adaptations for Social Exchange. In The Adapted Mind: Evolutionary Psychology and the Generation of Culture J. H. Barkow, L. Cosmides, and J. Tooby, (eds.) Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Darwin, C. (1859/1985) The Origin of Species By Means of Natural Selection or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life. London: Penguin Books.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Elman, J. L. (1993) Learning and Development in Neural Networks: The Importance of Starting Small. Cognition, 48, 71–99.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Elman, J. L., Bates, E. A, Johnson, M. H., Karmiloff-Smith, A., Parisi, D., and Plunkett, K. (1996) Rethinking Innateness: A Connectionist Perspective on Development. London: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Gould, J. L. and Marler, P. (1987) Learning by Instinct. Scientific American (January), 74–85.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Hendriks-Jansen, H. (1996) Catching Ourselves in the Act: Situated Activity, Interactive Emergence, Evolution, and Human Thought. London: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Karmiloff-Smith, A. (1992) Beyond Modularity: A Developmental Perspective on Cognitive Science. London: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Karmiloff-Smith, A. (1998) Development itself is the key to understanding developmental disorders. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 2 (10), 389–398CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kauffman, S. A (1993) The Origins of Order: Self-Organization and Selection in Evolution. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Laland, K. N., Odling-Smee, J. and Feldman, M. W. (2000) Niche construction, biological evolution, and cultural change. Behavioural and Brain Sciences, 23, 131–175CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    MacDonald, C. (1995) Classicism versus Connectionism. In: Connectionism: Debates on Psychological Explanation. C. MacDonald and G. MacDonald (eds.) London: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Mayley, G. (1996a) Landscapes, learning costs and genetic assimilation. Evolutionary Computation, 4 (3), 213–234.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Mayley, G. (1996b) The evolutionary cost of learning. In: From Animals to Animats: Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Simulation of Adaptive Behaviour. Maes, P., Mataric, M., Meyer, J-A, Pollack, J., and Wilson, S. (Eds.) London: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Mayley, G. (1997) Guiding or hiding: Explorations into the effects of learning on the rate of evolution. In: The Proceedings of the Fourth European Conference on Artificial Life (ecaI97). P. Husbands and I. Harvey (eds.) http://ai.iit.nrc.ca/baldwinlbibliography.html URLGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Quartz, S. R. and Sejnowski, T. J. (1997) The neural basis of development: A constructivist manifesto. Behavioural and Brain Sciences, 20, 537–596Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Samuels, R. (1998) Evolutionary Psychology and the Massive Modularity Hypothesis. British Journal of Philosophy of Science, 49, 575–602.MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Tooby, J. & Cosmides, L. (1992) The Psychological Foundations of Culture. In The Adapted Mind: Evolutionary Psychology and the Generation of Culture J.H. Barkow, L. Cosmides, and J. Tooby, (eds.) Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Van Gelder, T. (1998) The dynamical hypothesis in cognitive science. Behavioural and Brain Sciences, 21, 615–665Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. E. Dickins
  • J. P. Levy

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations