• Linda Candy
  • Ernest Edmonds


In the popular mind, computers have a poor reputation when it comes to creativity. Until the invention of the World Wide Web, they were associated mainly with calculations, science, banking and word processing. However, from the early days of computers, some people have always been interested in using them to create art. In 1963 the magazine, Computers and Automation began its annual competition on computer art. Computer graphics were publicly exhibited as art by Georg Nees’ at the Studio Galerie, University of Stuttart in January, 1965. The exhibition, which was opened by Max Bense, showed works produced with a graph plotter and generated by computer programs written by Nees himself. Later in the same year, A. Michael Noll and Bela Julesz3 showed computer graphics at the Howard Wise Gallery in New York and, in November, Frieder Nake4 exhibited his computer graphics at the Wendelin Niedlich Galerie, also in Stuttgart. He recalls that distant beginning and the personalities involved later in this chapter. For a few people, at least, a new era had really begun.


Computer Graphic Great Barrier Reef Digital Technology Poor Reputation Creative Practice 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Linda Candy
    • 1
  • Ernest Edmonds
    • 1
  1. 1.Creativity and Cognition Research StudiosLoughborough UniversityLeicestershireUK

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