Abstract

Conventional citation analysis typically focuses on distinctive members of a specialty — the cream of the crop. Landscape visualizations naturally emphasize the peaks rather than the valleys. Such practices remind us of either the Matthew Effect or the winner-takes-it-all phenomenon. However, scientific frontiers are constantly changing. We cannot simply ignore the “root” of the crop or the valleys of an intellectual landscape. Today’s valleys may become tomorrow’s peaks.

Keywords

Magnesium Manganese Migraine Schizophrenia Arginine 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Brown, DR, Hafiz, F, Glasssmith, LL, Wong, BS, Jones, IM, Clive, C, and Haswell, SJ (2000).Consequences of manganese replacement of copper for prion protein function and proteinase resistance. EMBO Journal 19(6), 1180–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bruce, ME, Will, RG, Ironside, JW, McConnell, I, Drummond, D, Suttie, A, McCardle, L, Chree, A,Hope, J, Birkett, C, Cousens, S, Fraser, H, and Bostock, CJ (1997). Transmissions to mice indicate that “new variant” CJD is caused by the BSE agent. Nature, 389(6650), 498–501.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Chen, C (1998a). Bridging the gap: the use of Pathfinder networks in visual navigation. Journal of Visual Languages and Computing, 9(3), 267–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chen, C (1998b). Generalised similarity analysis and Pathfinder network scaling. Interacting with Computers, 10(2), 107–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chen, C (1999a). Information Visualisation and Virtual Environments. London: Springer. Chen, C (1999b). Visualising semantic spaces and author co-citation networks in digital libraries.Information Processing and Management, 35(2), 401–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Chen, C (2002). Visualization of knowledge structures. In: SK Chang (ed.), Handbook of Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering, Vol. 2. River Edge, NJ: World Scientific, p. 700.Google Scholar
  7. Chen, C, and Paul, RJ (2001). Visualizing a knowledge domain’s intellectual structure. Computer,34(3), 65–71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Chen, C, Cribbin, T, Macredie, R, and Morar, S (2002). Visualizing and tracking the growth of competing paradigms: two case studies. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 53(8).Google Scholar
  9. Chen, C, Kuljis, J, and Paul, RJ (2001a). Visualizing latent domain knowledge. IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Part C: Applications and Reviews, 31(4), 518–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Chen, C, Paul, RJ, and O’Keefe, B (2001b). Fitting the jigsaw of citation: information visualization in domain analysis. Journal of the American Society for Information Science, 52(4), 315–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Collinge, J, Sidle, K, Meads, J, Ironside, J, and Hill, A (1996). Molecular analysis of prion strain variation and the aetiology of “new variant” CJD. Nature, 383, 685–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kuhn, TS (1962). The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  13. Prusiner, SB (1982). Novel proteinaceous infectious particles cause scrapie. Science, 216(4542),136–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Schvaneveldt, RW (ed.) (1990). Pathfinder Associative Networks: Studies in Knowledge Organization.Norwood, NJ: Ablex.Google Scholar
  15. Schvaneveldt, RW, Durso, FT, and Dearholt, DW (1989). Network structures in proximity data. In:G Bower (ed.), The Psychology of Learning and Motivation, Vol. 24. New York: Academic Press,pp. 249–84.Google Scholar
  16. Smalheiser, NR, and Swanson, DR (1994). Assessing a gap in the biomedical literature - magnesium deficiency and neurologic disease. Neuroscience Research Communications, 15(1), 1–9.Google Scholar
  17. Smalheiser, NR, and Swanson, DR (1996a). Indomethacin and Alzheimer’s disease. Neurology,46(2), 583.Google Scholar
  18. Smalheiser, NR, and Swanson, DR (1996b). Linking estrogen to Alzheimer’s disease: an informatics approach. Neurology, 47, 809–10.Google Scholar
  19. Smalheiser, NR, and Swanson, DR (1998). Calcium-independent phospholipase A2 and schizophrenia.Archives of General Psychiatry, 55, 752–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Small, HG (1977). A co-citation model of a scientific specially: a longitudinal study of collagen research. Social Studies of Science, 7, 139–66.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Swanson, DR (1986a). Fish oil, Raynaud’s syndrome, and undiscovered public knowledge. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine, 30(1), 7–18.Google Scholar
  22. Swanson, DR (1986b). Undiscovered public knowledge. Library Quarterly, 56(2), 103–18.MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Swanson, DR (1987). Two medical literatures that are logically but not bibliographically connected.Journal of the American Society for Information Science, 38, 228–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Swanson, DR (1988). Migraine and magnesium: eleven neglected connections. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine, 31, 526–57.Google Scholar
  25. Swanson, DR (1990). Somatomedin C and arginine - implicit connections between mutually isolated literatures. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine, 33(2), 157–86.Google Scholar
  26. Swanson, DR (1999). Computer-assisted search for novel implicit connections in text databases.Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society, 217, 010-CINF.Google Scholar
  27. Swanson, DR (2001). On the fragmentation of knowledge, the connection explosion, and assembling other people’s ideas. Bulletin of the American Society for Information Science and Technology,27(3), 12–14.MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Swanson, DR, and Smalheiser, NR (1997). An interactive system for finding complementary literatures: a stimulus to scientific discovery. Artificial Intelligence, 91(2), 183–203.MATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. White, HD, and McKain, KW (1998). Visualizing a discipline: an author co-citation analysis of information science, 1972–1995. Journal of the American Society for Information Science, 49(4),327–56.Google Scholar
  30. Will, RG, Ironside, JW, Zeidler, M, Cousens, SN, Estibeiro, K, Alperovitch, A, Poser, S, Pocchiari, M,Hofman, A, and Smith, PG (1996). A new variant of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in the UK. Lancet,347, 921–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chaomei Chen
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Information Science and TechnologyDrexel UniversityPhiladelphiaUSA

Personalised recommendations