The mechanical properties of living tissues continue to be the major topic of biomechanical investigations. Over the years, a vast amount of knowledge about load-bearing tissues, such as bones, ligaments, muscles and other components of the musculoskeletal system, blood vessels (and blood), lungs, skin and hair, has been published in journals and books. The very soft tissues of organs whose role has little or nothing to do with transmitting mechanical loads had been, until recently, outside the scope of the mainstream biomechanical research. Extremely important organs such as the liver, kidneys, prostate and other abdominal organs, and especially the brain, had been largely neglected by biomechanics.
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