Compact Remnants

  • Matthew Benacquista
Part of the Undergraduate Lecture Notes in Physics book series (ULNP)


White dwarfs, neutron stars, and black holes are the compact remnants that are the endpoints of stellar evolution. Although nuclear processes have stopped in these objects, they each continue to evolve in ways that are unique to their structure. As white dwarfs cool and become more degenerate, their baryon structure changes, altering their cooling process. Neutron stars are frequently born with high magnetic fields that slowly decay and spin down the neutron star. Black holes, however, will not change much for eons. In this chapter, we will look at the properties and continued evolution of these exotic objects.


Burning Crystallization Helium 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Matthew Benacquista
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of Texas at BrownsvilleBrownsvilleUSA

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