Self-Efficacy Measure for Sleep Apnea (SEMSA)
The SEMSA was developed in response to research indicating that cognitive factors like self-efficacy can significantly predict compliance with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), even in the first week of treatment . The scale consists of 26 items and evaluates three cognitive subscales: the perceived risk of obstructive sleep apnea, CPAP outcome expectations, and treatment self-efficacy. By examining these cognitive issues prior to treatment, clinicians can identify those patients with low levels of self-efficacy and initiate educational interventions to improve treatment outcomes.
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