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Before the Curtain Falls: Endocrine-Active Pesticides – A German Contamination Legacy

  • Ulrike Schulte-OehlmannEmail author
  • Jörg Oehlmann
  • Florian Keil
Chapter
Part of the Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology book series (RECT, volume 213)

Abstract

As a result of the European Parliament approving a new EU pesticide regulation (1107/2009/EC replacing directive 91/414/EEC) and a directive on the sustainable use of pesticides (2009/128/EC), in October 2009, various active ingredients are likely to be banned for use as pesticides. The use of pesticides that are carcinogenic, mutagenic, and toxic to reproduction, or that have endocrine-disrupting properties, shall no longer be authorized for use. Active ingredients that are persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic (PBT), or very persistent and very bioaccumulative (vPvB) shall be phased out as well. The decision-making process for setting test criteria for endocrine-disrupting pesticides is pending and is planned to be finalized by 2013 (EU, 2009a). The new regulation becomes effective in June 2011. According to directive 2009/128/EC, all member states are required to adopt National Action Plans for reducing the human health and environmental risks of pesticide use. The protection of the aquatic environment and drinking water supplies from pesticides, and the obligation to undertake corresponding control measures, was particularly highlighted.

Keywords

Active Ingredient Pesticide Residue Water Framework Directive Environmental Quality Standard Bell Pepper 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was financially supported by the BMBF (Federal Ministry of Education and Research) as part of the start 2 project (http://www.start-project.de/english_2.htm). The authors are grateful to the whole project team and the external experts for sharing their thoughts and the constructive discussions. Furthermore, we would like to extend our sincere thanks to the reviewers of this chapter for their helpful comments and support.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ulrike Schulte-Oehlmann
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jörg Oehlmann
    • 1
  • Florian Keil
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Aquatic EcotoxicologyInstitute of Ecology, Evolution and Diversity, Goethe University Frankfurt am MainFrankfurt am MainGermany
  2. 2.Institute for Social-Ecological Research ISOEFrankfurt am MainGermany

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