Supercapacitors Based on 3D Nanostructured Electrodes

  • Hao Zhang
  • Gaoping Cao
  • Yusheng Yang


Climate change, the decreasing availability of fossil fuels vs. the increasing demand for them, and atmospheric pollution caused by combustion engines of automotive systems require society to move toward sustainable and renewable resources [1]. As a result, we observe an increase in renewable energy production from sun and wind, as well as the development of electric vehicles or hybrid electric vehicles with low CO2 emissions. Because the sun does not shine at night, the wind does not blow on command, and we expect to drive an autonomous car for at least a few hours, energy storage systems are starting to play a larger part in our lives [1, 2]. In response to the needs of modern society and emerging ecological concerns, it is now essential that new, low-cost, and environmentally friendly energy conversion and storage systems are found. At the forefront of these electrochemical energy storage systems are lithium–ion batteries [3, 4], fuel cells [5], solar cells, and supercapacitors (SCs) [6, 7].


Manganese Oxide Composite Electrode Mesoporous Carbon Conductive Path Carbon Aerogel 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC outside the People's Republic of China, Weilie Zhou and Zhong Lin Wang in the People's Republic of China 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research Institute of Chemical DefenseBeijingChina

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