Governance Choice - A Simulation Model

  • Feng Xie
  • David M. Levinson
Part of the Transportation Research, Economics and Policy book series (TRES, volume 1)


An electrical engineer in training, Paul Baran joined the RAND Corporation in 1959. While working at RAND on a scheme for U.S. telecommunications infrastructure to survive a “first strike,” he conceived of the Internet and digital packet switching, the Internet’s underlying data communications technology. Using minicomputer technology of the day, Baran (1964) demonstrated in a simulation suite that a distributed packet switched communications network can better withstand massive destruction to individual components than centralized or decentralized networks. Baran’s conceptual drawings in Figure 14.1 serve as a vivid example of the distinctly different network patterns under centralized versus decentralized control.


Road Network Transportation Network Travel Demand Toll Rate Spatial Accessibility 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Metropolitan Washington Council of GovernmentsWashingtonUSA
  2. 2.Department of Civil EngineeringUniversity of MinnesotaMinneapolisUSA

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