Infants, Children, and Adolescents Affected by HIV/AIDS

Chapter

Abstract

In 2007, about 2 million children under 15 years of age were living with HIV/AIDS around the world (UNAIDS, July 2008). Innovations in treatment have increased the life expectancy of children with HIV and enhanced their quality of life (QOL) (Burns et al., 2008). Sub-Saharan Africa has the greatest number of children under 15 with 1 million, followed by South/Southeast Asia with 140,000, and Latin America with 44,000. In North America, 4,400 children under 15 were living with HIV/AIDS in 2007. Minority children are disproportionately affected by the condition. New drug treatments and voluntary testing have helped to reduce the mortality rate.

Keywords

Pneumonia Tuberculosis Diarrhea Malaysia Candidiasis 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ChicagoUSA
  2. 2.San FranciscoUSA

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