Nanoparticles Dispersion and the Effect of Related Parameters in the EPD Kinetics

Chapter
Part of the Nanostructure Science and Technology book series (NST)

Abstract

In this chapter, the stabilization of nanoparticles in liquid media is studied on the basis of the colloid science foundations. The most common dispersing mechanisms, i.e. electrostatic and steric, are reviewed. After the stabilization of the particles, an additional step is the deposition process, whose kinetics depends on a number of parameters related to both the suspension and the applied conditions. This chapter reviews the quantitative models existing in the literature to explain and predict the deposit formation kinetics.

Keywords

Clay Surfactant Porosity Nickel Microwave 

Nomenclature

Nomenclature

a

Particle radius

A

Hamaker constant

B

London constant

Cd

Deposit concentration

Cs

Solid content of the suspension

Cs,0

Initial solid content of the suspension

D

Particle diameter

E

Electric field

Eef

Effective electric field

f

Efficiency factor or sticking parameter

I

Electric Current

I+

Electric current transported by the cations

I

Electric current transported by the anions

Ip

Electric current transported by the particles

i0

Initial current density

i

Current density

K

Kinetics parameter

L

Electrode distance

m

Deposited mass

m0

Initial mass of powder in suspension

R

Roughness

S

Deposition surface area

SWE

Conduction surface area

t

Deposition time

V

Volume of the suspension

Vd

Volume of the deposit

Greek Symbols

1/κ

Debye length

εd

Dielectric constants of the deposit

εs

Dielectric constants of the suspension

εr,l

Dielectric constant of the solvent

εr,p

Dielectric constant of the particles

ε0

Vacuum dielectric constant

φd

Volumetric fraction of the deposit

φs

Volumetric fraction of the suspension

φs,0

Initial volumetric fraction of the suspension

η

Solvent viscosity

µ

Electrophoretic mobility

v

Electrophoresis rate

ρs

Resistivity of the suspension

ρs,

Resistivity of the suspension at infinite time

ρd

Resistivity of the deposit

ρ+

Resistivity associated to the cations

ρ

Resistivity associated to the anions

ρp

Resistivity associated to the particles

ρs,0

Initial resistivity of the suspension

Δ

Deposit thickness

σs

Conductivity of the suspension

ρs,

Conductivity of the liquid medium

τ

Characteristic deposition time

τ0

Characteristic deposition time for initial conditions

τ

The characteristic deposition time for final conditions

ψ

Potential drop and surface potential

ψa

Potential drop at the anode

ψc

Potential drop at the cathode

ζ

Zeta potential

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Instituto de Cerámica y Vidrio, CSICMadridSpain

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