Virtual Reality Simulation of Architectural Clues’ Effects on Human Behavior and Decision Making in Fire Emergency Evacuation
Disasters analyses have brought the interest in improving response to emergencies. In many cases there is a need to understand how people within a built environment react in a fire building emergency. Architectural clues play a significant part in the decision making and time taken to evacuate due to an emergency. In this study, virtual reality simulated experiments have been constructed to study the human ability to stay oriented while moving through spaces, evaluating alternatives and making decisions. Two variable models were constructed and implemented in a simulated built environment, in which 100 subjects were tested as in evacuation experiment. Data analysis shows how these variables affect human behavior on each critical decision points. Results showed that some architectural clues such as: windows and colors are important factors in the process of determining and following a route in fire emergency evacuation.
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