Thermodynamics and Kinetics of Nucleation



In the process of metal electrodeposition metal ions are reduced at the substrate , forming adsorbed atoms that diffuse on the substrate surface; these adatoms will eventually contact other adatoms, forming atomic clusters that may be stable or unstable. Unstable clusters will eventually disappear, while stable clusters will be able to grow, finally forming the film.


Induction Time Planck Equation Critical Nucleus Unit Surface Area Steady State Flux 
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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.A. N. Frumkin Institute of Physical Chemistry and ElectrochemistryRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringUniversity of VirginiaCharlottesvilleUSA

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