Gordon Hirabayashi, the Tucsonians, and the U.S. Constitution: Negotiating Reconciliation in a Landscape of Exile

Part of the One World Archaeology book series (WORLDARCH)


A recent archaeological survey at the Catalina Prison Camp, a mid-twentieth-century labor camp in the mountains of Arizona, found few significant features or artifacts, and an archival search also suggested little of note. It was only through public outreach that the site’s relationship to one of the more shameful events in American history was revealed: individuals who nonviolently protested the internment of Japanese Americans during the Second World War were imprisoned there. This paper discusses the way in which the archaeological site played a role in the recognition, remembrance, and redefinition of this history, and in the reconciliation of disparate struggles for civil rights.


National Register Civil Disobedience Highway Construction Conscientious Objector American Indian Youth 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Not only for the information but also for the inspiration they have provided, we owe many thanks to Dr. Hirabayashi, the resisters, their families and supporters, especially: the late Joe Norikane, Tee Norikane, Joey Norikane, Ken Yoshida, the late Kay Yoshida, Noboru Taguma, Kenji Taguma, the late Hideo Takeuchi, Susumu Yenokida, Harry Yoshikawa, Takashi Hoshizaki, Yosh Kuromiya, and Frank Emi. Many others were instrumental in helping us learn about and celebrate the story of the resisters, including Ross Hopkins, Rose Ochi, Martha Nakagawa, Jim Erickson, Cherstin Lyon, Bill Gillespie, Pete Taylor, and Nicole Branton.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Coronado National ForestTucsonUSA
  2. 2.Manzanar National Historic SiteIndependenceUSA

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