Understanding Underemployment Among Contingent Workers

  • Catherine E. Connelly
  • Christa L. Wilkin
  • Daniel G. Gallagher


Contingent workers, who do not have ongoing employment with a single organization, are an increasingly important component of the workforce in many countries (e.g., Batt, Holman, & Holtgrewe, 2009; De Cuyper et al., 2008; Mauno, Kinnunen, Mäkikangas, & Nätti, 2005). The proportion of workers with contingent work arrangements, alternatively known as fixed-term contracts, precarious work arrangements, or nonstandard employment contracts, are likely to increase, because these types of contracts present several advantages to employers.


Contingent work Direct-hire temporary workers Temporary agency workers Independent contractors 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Catherine E. Connelly
    • 1
  • Christa L. Wilkin
    • 2
  • Daniel G. Gallagher
    • 3
  1. 1.DeGroote School of BusinessMcMaster UniversityHamiltonCanada
  2. 2.Organizational Behaviour and Human Resource ManagementMcMaster UniversityHamiltonCanada
  3. 3.James Madison UniversityHarrisonburgUSA

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