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Output-Only Modal Analysis Using Continuous-Scan Laser Doppler Vibrometry and Application to a 20kW Wind Turbine

  • Shifei Yang
  • Matthew S. Allen
Conference paper
Part of the Conference Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics Series book series (CPSEMS)

Abstract

Continuous-scan laser Doppler vibrometry (CSLDV) is a method whereby one continuously sweeps the laser measurement point over a structure while measuring, in contrast to the conventional scanning LDV approach where the laser spot remains stationary while the response is collected at each point. The continuousscan approach can greatly accelerate measurements, allowing one to capture spatially detailed mode shapes along a scan path in the same amount of time that is typically required to measure the response at a single point. The method is especially beneficial when testing large structures, such as wind turbines, whose natural frequencies are very low and hence require very long time records. Several CSLDV methods have been presented that employ harmonic excitation or impulse excitation, but no prior work has performed CSLDV with an unmeasured, broadband random input. This work extends CSLDV to that class of input, developing an outputonly CSLDV method (OMA-CSLDV). This is accomplished by adapting a recently developed algorithm for linear time-periodic systems to the CSLDV measurements, which makes use of harmonic power spectra and the harmonic transfer function concept developed by Wereley. The proposed method is validated on a randomly excited free-free beam, where one-dimensional mode shapes are captured by scanning the laser along the length of the beam. The natural frequencies and mode shapes are extracted from the harmonic power spectrum of the vibrometer signal and show good agreement with the first seven analytically-derived modes of the beam. The method is then applied to identify the shapes of several modes of a 20kW wind turbine using a ground based laser and with only a light breeze providing excitation.

Keywords

Wind Turbine Mode Shape Wind Turbine Blade Linear Time Invariant System Operating Deflection Shape 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Engineering PhysicsUniversity of Wisconsin-MadisonMadisonUSA

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