Selective mutism was first mentioned in the 19th century by Kussmaul (1877), who described a disorder in which people would not speak in some situations, despite having the ability to speak. Tramer (1934) labeled the disorder elective mutism, with the belief that these children were “electing” not to speak.


Social Phobia Physical Therapist Kindergarten Teacher Automatic Thought Selective Mutism 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tammie Ronen
    • 1
  1. 1.The Bob Shapell School of Social WorkTel Aviv UniversityTel AvivIsrael

Personalised recommendations