Source and Data Systems

  • George J. Klir
  • Doug Elias
Part of the IFSR International Series on Systems Science and Engineering book series (IFSR, volume 21)


As human beings, we are able to distinguish ourselves from our environment. Our immediate awareness of the environment is a result of our perception. We have also the ability to store, process, and utilize information received from the environment, and this, in turn, reinforces our perception. These abilities are fundamental for our survival and well-being. They allow us to make decisions and act appropriately.


Object System Source System Neutral System Directed System Fuzzy Data 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • George J. Klir
    • 1
  • Doug Elias
    • 2
  1. 1.State University of New York at BinghamtonBinghamtonUSA
  2. 2.Cornell UniversityIthacaUSA

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