Biosynthesis is the process by which genes are translated into proteins. The collection of all genes of an organism forms the organism’s genome. The genome of prokaryotes and eukaryotes is encoded by a long DNA molecule. We study the chemical structure of DNA, provide the basic structure of genes and genomes, explain how proteins are synthesized from genes, and discuss how life has evolved on earth.
KeywordsGenetic Code Prokaryotic Genome Heat Shock Gene tRNA Molecule mRNA Strand
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