Brainwashing Theories in European Parliamentary and Administrative Reports on Cults and Sects

  • James T. Richardson
  • Massimo Introvigne
Part of the Critical Issues in Social Justice book series (CISJ)


Religious minorities in Europe today are often perceived as a social problem, traditionally thought of as “a condition which is defined by a considerable number of persons as a diversion from some social norm which they cherish” (Fuller & Myers, 1941, p. 22). Recent scholarship suggests that although a social problem’s beginnings are subject to empirical verification, the way they develop and are represented, constructed, or negotiated is the result of complicated social processes (Richardson, 1997).


Religious Group Consumer Protection Moral Panic Religious Minority Religious Movement 
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • James T. Richardson
  • Massimo Introvigne

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