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Hypoglossal-Facial Anastomosis

  • Michael Salcman
  • Roberto C. Heros
  • Edward R. LawsJr.
  • Volker K. H. Sonntag
Chapter
  • 279 Downloads

Abstract

Paralysis of the facial nerve causes a severe cosmetic deformity. Following intracranial operations in which the facial nerve is found to be irreparably damaged, an early nerve-crossing operation should be done to restore tone to the facial muscles as soon as possible. When the status of the nerve lesion intracranially is unknown, several months of clinical observation with electrical testing should be allowed for spontaneous reinnervation to take place.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Salcman
    • 1
  • Roberto C. Heros
    • 2
  • Edward R. LawsJr.
    • 3
  • Volker K. H. Sonntag
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.Sinai HospitalBaltimoreUSA
  2. 2.Department of Neurological SurgeryUniversity of Miami School of MedicineMiamiUSA
  3. 3.Department of Neurological SurgeryUniversity of Virginia Health Sciences CenterCharlottesvilleUSA
  4. 4.University of ArizonaUSA
  5. 5.Barrow Neurological InstitutePhoenixUSA

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