Masculinization of Female Mammals: Lessons from Nature

  • Ned J. Place
  • Stephen E. Glickman
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 545)


Conventional understanding of mammalian sexual differentiation, first proposed by Alfred Jost in the late 1940’s and early 1950’s, requires the presence of androgens acting during a critical stage of fetal (or neonatal) life for normal development of the masculine penis and scrotum from embryonic primordia (Jost, 1953; Wilson et al., 1981). Postnatally, a marked acceleration in growth of the penis is typically associated with increased secretion of androgen during puberty (at least in primates).


Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia External Genitalia Urethral Meatus Prenatal Androgen Ovarian Morphology 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ned J. Place
    • 1
    • 2
  • Stephen E. Glickman
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeley
  2. 2.Spotted Hyena Project, Department of PsychologyUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeley

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