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Bone and Joint Infections in Children

  • Sophie Hambleton
  • Anthony R. Berendt
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 549)

Abstract

Bones and joints are important sites of bacterial infection in infancy and childhood, with clinical presentations that are variable and sometimes non-specific. Major clinical entities seen in children include classical hematogenous long-bone osteomyelitis, septic arthritis (both acute and chronic), discitis, and osteochondritis complicating puncture wounds to the foot. Early diagnosis and therapy of musculoskeletal infections are critical to the prevention of sequelae. In children, these include impaired growth with resulting lifelong deformity. On the other hand, children show a high potential for healing and remodelling, often have less comorbidity than adults, and tend to tolerate oral therapy better. While the stakes are high, therefore, the outcome of childhood bone infections is generally good, provided appropriate antibiotic and surgical treatment is offered in a timely manner.

Keywords

Septic Arthritis Joint Infection Chronic Osteomyelitis Chronic Recurrent Multifocal Osteomyelitis Vertebral Osteomyelitis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Science+Business Media New York 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sophie Hambleton
  • Anthony R. Berendt

There are no affiliations available

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