Global Control of Rotavirus Disease
Rotavirus was first identified by Ruth Bishop in Melbourne in 1972 (Bishop et al., 1973). Since that time it has become clear that rotavirus is a major pathogen of global public health significance, causing acute diarrhea in children often leading to dehydration which can be fatal (Parashar et al., 1998). Efforts to control the burden of rotavirus diarrhea, which mainly falls on poor children living in poor countries, have focused on three areas: environmental prevention, improvements in water, and sanitation; case management, based on provision of oral rehydration solution for children with acute diarrhea; and vaccine development. This chapter describes the available strategies and the elements of success that have been achieved thus far. The present situation regarding rotavirus control is described as well as the main barriers to progress in this field.
KeywordsRespiratory Syncytial Virus Diarrheal Disease Oral Rehydration Solution Acute Diarrhea Global Control
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