Preventing Perinatal Transmission of HIV—Are We Doing Enough?
Without any intervention, an HIV positive mother has overall a 25%–30% chance of transmitting the virus to her baby. With combination antiretroviral therapy and avoidance of breast-feeding, it is possible to reduce the prenatal transmission rate to less than 1%. This review takes a look at the different risk factors in perinatal HIV transmission and the ways in which we may optimize circumstances for delivery of an uninfected child from an infected mother with particular reference to the United Kingdom and developed practice.
KeywordsViral Load Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type Premature Delivery Perinatal Transmission Post Exposure Prophylaxis
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