The Use of Social Information in Chimpanzees and Dogs

  • Josep Call
Part of the Developments in Primatology: Progress and Prospects book series (DIPR)


When people are asked to rank animals with regard to their intelligence, dogs and chimpanzees are often cited as prime examples of smart animals. A couple of studies even show that not only students of an introductory psychology class but also professionals in animal learning and cognition rank dogs and chimpanzees as particularly intelligent animals (Eddy et al., 1993; Rasmussen et al., 1993). Intelligence, however, is a difficult concept to define because it has different meanings. Sometimes intelligence is used as a synonym of creativity and flexibility. Chimpanzees are clearly intelligent by this definition. They use tools, solve problems in various ways, and they can make inferences. Others use intelligence as equivalent to learning ability (Rumbaugh and Pate, 1984). This is extended to trainability in the case of dogs. Dogs clearly excel in this aspect as their many uses and training regimes show that dogs can learn various tasks with accuracy and they can be trained to cooperate with others.


Social Information Capuchin Monkey Distant Space Head Direction Intentional Communication 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Josep Call
    • 1
  1. 1.Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary AnthropologyLeipzigGermany

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