Eye and Head Movements During the Golf Putting Stroke
Sports medicine is becoming a very popular means of addressing specific questions posed by athletes concerning the body’s forces and actions during athletic motions. It has, for example, provided valuable information about the golf swing and physical forces impacting on the golf ball (Hay, 1978; Nicklaus and Bowden, 2002). Much of this information has been obtained using high-speed photography (Barnes, 1919; Bobby Jones’ swing photograph, 1939; http://golfswingphotos.com). Indeed, the components of the golf swing have been studied in great detail over past 50 years. However, there is a surprising lack of objective simultaneous measurements of eye and head motion during the golf swing, especially in putting.
KeywordsHead Movement Head Rotation Golf Swing Artificial Turf Forward Stroke
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Barnes, J. M., 1919, Picture Analysis of Golf Strokes. A Complete Book of Instruction.Lippincott, Philadelphia, PA.Google Scholar
- Bobby Jones’ Swing Photograph, by Dr. Edgerton of M.I.T., 1939, A Peacock? No, It’s Bobby Jones in Action!,The Bodine Motorgram, Bodine Electric company. http://www.bodine-electric.com? Article= 12
- Ciuffreda, K. J., and Tannen, B., 1995, Eye Movement Basics for the Clinician. Mosby, St. Louis, MO., pp. 112–114,220–221.Google Scholar
- Degunther, R., 1996, The Art and Science of Putting.McGraw-Hill, New York, NY.Google Scholar
- Farnsworth, C. L., 1997, See It and Sink It: Mastering Putting Through Peak Visual Performance.HarperCollins, New York, NY.Google Scholar
- http://golfswingphotos.com- Website for high speed photography of the golf swing; Al Ruscelli Photography.
- Hay, J. G., 1978, The Biomechanics of Sports Techniques. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, pp. 261–278.Google Scholar
- Hung, G. K., and Ciuffreda, K. J., 2002, Models of saccadic-vergence interactions, in: Models of the Visual System, G. K. Hung and K. J. Ciufreda, eds.,. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, pp. 431–462.Google Scholar
- Nicklaus, J., with Bowden, K., 2002, My Golden Lessons, New York: Simon & Schuster.Google Scholar
- http://partners.golfserv.com- Web address for Professional Golf Association putting statistics.
- Pelz, D., and Mastroni, N., 1991, Putt Like the Pros: Dave Pelz ’s Scientific Way to Improve Your Stroke, Reading Greens, and Lowering Your Score.HarperCollins, New York, NY.Google Scholar
- Patent pending: Non-Contact Embedded Photodetector-Array Platform for Detecting Putter Position.Serial nos. 60/296,574 and 60/317,944.Google Scholar
- Pola. J., 2002, Models of saccadic and smooth pursuit systems, in: Models of the Visual System, G. K. Hung and K. J. Ciuffreda, eds., Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York, pp. 385–429.Google Scholar
- Stark, L., 1968, Neurological Control Systems, Studies in Bioengineering. Plenum Press, pp. 250–270.Google Scholar
- Walker, A., 1964, The Relationship of Distance and Accuracy to Three Golf Grips,M. S. Thesis, Springfield College, Springfield, MA.Google Scholar