Short Historical Review of Daylight Utilization by Living Creatures

  • Richard Kittler
  • Miroslav Kocifaj
  • Stanislav Darula


When the simplest forms of life began evolving in shallow waters of lakes and oceans, they started to grow and survive by utilizing the vital sunlight and solar energy. Survivable living conditions were also created by oxygen produced by blue–green algae roughly 2,000 million years ago (MYA). Owing to available sunlight, in a time span of another 500 million years these algae formed huge reefs of stomata with excess oxygen production. That evolution influenced the composition of the near-to-ground atmospheric layers which changed the ferric oxide component of the ocean floor.


Clay Chlorophyll Depression Selenium Retina 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard Kittler
    • 1
  • Miroslav Kocifaj
    • 1
  • Stanislav Darula
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Construction and Architecture Slovak Academy of SciencesBratislavaSlovakia

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