Wind Energy in Vermont: The Benefits and Limitations of Stakeholder Involvement

  • Mary R. EnglishEmail author


Wind energy … what’s not to like about it? With growing concerns about climate change and tightened regulation of conventional air pollutants, the United States is climbing on the wind energy band wagon. Wind and other renewable sources of electricity are being promoted at the federal level through production tax credits and at the state level through renewable portfolio standards. But how do utility-scale wind energy projects play at the local level? Not well. Focusing on a proposed 80-MW project in southwestern Vermont, this chapter examines both the possibilities and the limitations of stakeholder involvement in large-scale wind turbine projects.


European Union Wind Turbine Wind Energy Wind Farm Stakeholder Involvement 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



My thanks to Jean Vissering of Jean Vissering Landscape Architecture, Montpelier, Vermont, for her helpful information and advice and to Joanna Burger, the editor of this book, for her excellent editorial suggestions. Thanks also to my husband John Hardwig and to many others – too many to mention here – for thought-provoking discussions over many years about the challenges of stakeholder involvement. The interpretations reported here and the conclusions reached are the sole responsibility of the author.


  1. American Wind Energy Association (n.d.) Wind power and energy storage. Accessed 23 October 2010
  2. Bartlett G (2011) Joint Fact-finding and Stakeholder Consensus Building at the Altamont Wind Resource Area in California. In: J Burger (ed.) Stakeholders and scientists. Springer: New YorkGoogle Scholar
  3. Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Efficiency (2010) Federal incentives/policies for renewable & efficiency. Accessed 23 October 2010
  4. Dritschilo G (2010) Ira wind farm put ‘on hold.’ Rutland Herald, 27 April 2010 Accessed 23 October 2010
  5. European Wind Energy Association (2009) Wind energy – the facts. Earthscan, LondonGoogle Scholar
  6. Keck N (2010) Plan for Ira wind farm is tabled. Vermont Public Radio News, 27 April 2010 Accessed 23 October 2010
  7. Kumka C (2010) Wind farm developer: ‘We can’t touch Yankee’s rates.’ Rutland Herald, 21 February 2010 Accessed 23 October 2010
  8. National Research Council (2007) Environmental impacts of wind-energy projects. National Academies Press, WashingtonGoogle Scholar
  9. Nissenbaum M (2010) Wind turbines, health, ridgelines, and valleys. Accessed 23 October 2010
  10. Page G (2010) Renewable energy projects in Vermont: a status report. Vermont Energy Partnership. Accessed 23 October 2010
  11. Randolph J, Masters G (2008) Energy for sustainability. Island Press, WashingtonGoogle Scholar
  12. Rathke L (2010) 2 Vermont utilities OK buying wind power from NH firm. The Boston Globe, 19 May 2010. Accessed 23 October 2010
  13. Smith A (2010) New energy needs new process. Valley Reporter, 19 August 2010. Accessed 23 October 2010
  14. Tyminski C, Martin T (2010) Ira has spoken with a clear voice. Rutland Herald, 17 March 2010. Accessed 27 October 2010
  15. U.S. Department of Energy (2008) 20% wind energy by 2030. Accessed 23 October 2010
  16. U.S. Energy Information Administration (2010a) Electric power industry 2008: year in review. Accessed 23 October 2010
  17. U.S. Energy Information Administration (2010b) Annual energy outlook 2010. Accessed 23 October 2010
  18. Ueda Y, Shibata M (2004) Development of next generation 2 MW class large wind turbines. Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd. Technical Review 41 (5): 1–4. Accessed 23 October 2010
  19. Vermont Commission on Wind Energy Regulatory Policy (2004) Findings and recommendations. 23 October 2010
  20. Vermont Community Wind (n.d.). Accessed 23 October 2010
  21. Vermont Department of Public Service (2002) Wind energy planning resources for utility-scale systems in Vermont: a product of the wind siting consensus building project. Appendix I: Report by the Woodbury Dispute Resolution Center on the wind siting consensus building workshops, July 2002; and Appendix II, list of participants in the wind siting consensus building workshops.Google Scholar
  22. Vermont Energy Partnership (2006) Wind power in Vermont: a primer. Accessed 23 October 2010
  23. Vermont Environmental Board (2000) Act 250: A guide to Vermont’s land use law. Accessed 23 October 2010
  24. Vermont Public Service Board (n.d.) Citizens’ guide to the Vermont Public Service Board’s Section 248 process. Accessed 23 October 2010
  25. Vissering J (n.d.) Wind energy and Vermont’s scenic landscape. Accessed 23 October 2010
  26. Wald M (2010) Vermont senate votes to close Yankee power plant. New York Times, 25 February 2010 Accessed 23 October 2010
  27. Widness S (2010) Rutland County explores wind farm proposal. Rutland Business Journal, 14 January 2010. Accessed 23 October 2010
  28. Wind Powering America (n.d.) U.S. installed wind capacity and wind project locations. Accessed 23 October 2010

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for a Secure and Sustainable EnvironmentUniversity of TennesseeKnoxvilleUSA

Personalised recommendations