Non Destructive Characterization of Photochemically Generated Crosslinking Gradients in Polymers
Photopolymers are extensively used in the field of coating technology, stereolithography, but also to fabricate optical elements. A good knowledge of the crosslinking process at the local scale is essential to characterize these materials and to control their quality, especially in regard to the optical or the mechanical properties, because the viscoelastic constants of the polymer as also its refractive index depend on the crosslinking density. Microechography provides a means to resolve structure heterogeneities in small volumes down to the wavelength of longitudinal sound waves in the material. In a first approach, microechography was applied to the study of small polymer disks that were photocured either through a two-level amplitude mask or a progressive neutral density filter.
KeywordsMercury Chromium Attenuation Glycol Shrinkage
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- DJ. Lougnot, “Photopolymers and Holography”, in Radiation Curing in Polymer Science and Technology, Vol 3, J.P. Fouassier, J. Rabek (Eds), Chapman and Hall, Andover (1993)Google Scholar
- D. Bonvallot, Thèse de l’université de Haute-Alsace, “Développement de photopolymères à gradient d’indice de réfraction en vue d’applications en optique ophtalmique”, Mulhouse (1994)Google Scholar
- A. Briggs, Acoustic Microscopy, Ed. Clarendon Press, Oxford (1992), 103Google Scholar
- M. Issoukis “Scanning acoustic microscopy — Principles and applications” Metallic Materials, Vol.5, N°2, Feb. 1989, pp 63–67Google Scholar
- S.P. Pappas, UV Curing: Science and Technology, Technology Marketing Corp., Stamford 1985; Willey, New York 1992Google Scholar
- J.P. Fouassier, J. Rabek (Eds), New aspects of Radiation Curing in Polymer Science and Technology, Chapman and Hall, London 1993Google Scholar