Babel and Newspeak in 1984

  • Anthony Ralston


Two programming languages are enough to start a controversy about which is better. The hundreds we have now can be aptly represented by a modern Tower of Babel decorated with the names of high-level computer languages (see the January 1961 issue of the Communications of the ACM or the dust jacket of Jean Sammet’s book, Programming Languages: History and Fundamentals [Prentice-Hall, 1969]). In the 1960s, in the 1970s, and still in the 1980’s, programming languages have been a source of dispute and conflict among computer scientists and technologists.


Computer Science Programming Language Foreseeable Future Program Language Good Program 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anthony Ralston

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