Advertisement

Temporal Aspects of Human Auditory Cortical Processing

Neuromagnetic and Psychoacoustical Data
  • Riitta Hari

Abstract

Time is a quintessential issue in studies of audition. First, the sound stimuli as such are changes in time and, second, audition as a warning sense (or as an attention-triggering mechanism) is very sensitive to any changes in the auditory environment. Both single stimuli and their sequences are variations in time which have to be kept in mind for at least as long as the message is understood. Such temporal buffers are inherently more complicated to be investigated than stationary neural firing patterns.

Keywords

Auditory Cortex Auditory Processing Temporal Aspect Interaural Time Difference Equivalent Current Dipole 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Altman, J. and Viskov. O. (1977) Discrimination of perceived movement velocity for fused auditory image in di-chotic stimulation. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 61, 816–819.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Cowan, N. (1984) On short and long auditory stores. Psychol. Bull. 96, 341–370.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Elberling, C, Bak, C, Kofoed, B., Lebech, J. and Saermark, K. (1980) Magnetic auditory responses from the human brain. A preliminary report. Scand. Audiol. 9, 185–190.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Geldard, F. and Sherrick, C. (1972) The cutaneous “rabbit”: a perceptual illusion. Science 178, 178–179.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Grandori. F., Hoke. M. and Romani. G.-L., Eds. (1990) Auditory Evoked Magnetic Fields and Potentials. Adv. Audiol., Vol. 6. Karger, Basel.Google Scholar
  6. Hämäläinen, M., Hari, R., Ilmoniemi, R., Knuutila. J. and Lounasmaa, O.V. (1993) Magnetoencephalography — theory, instrumentation, and applications to noninvasive studies of the working human brain. Rev. Mod. Physics 65, 413–97.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Hari. R. (1990) The neuromagnetic method in the study of the human auditory cortex. In: F. Grandori, M. Hoke, G. Romani (Eds.), Auditory Evoked Magnetic Fields and Potentials. Adv. Audiol., Vol. 6. Karger, Basel, pp. 222–282.Google Scholar
  8. Hari, R. (1993) Magnetoencephalography as a tool of clinical neurophysiology. In: E. Niedermeyer, F. Lopes da Silva (Eds.), Electroencephalography. Basic Principles, Clinical Applications and Related Fields. 3rd edition. Williams & Wilkins, pp. 1035–1061.Google Scholar
  9. Hari, R. (1995) Illusory directional hearing in humans. Neurosci. Lett. 189, 29–30.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hari, R. and Lounasmaa, O.V. (1989) Recording and interpretation of cerebral magnetic fields. Science 244, 432–436.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hari, R. and Kiesilä, P. (1996) Deficit of temporal auditory processing in dyslexic adults. Neurosci. Lett. 205, 138–140.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Hari, R., Aittoniemi, K., Järvinen. M.L., Katila, T. and Varpula, T. (1980) Auditory evoked transient and sustained magnetic fields of the human brain. Localization of neural generators. Exp. Brain Res. 40, 237–240.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Hari, R., Hämäläinen, M., Kaukoranta, E., Mäkelä, J., Joutsiniemi, S.L. and Tiihonen, J. (1989) Selective listening modifies activity of the human auditory cortex. Exp. Brain Res. 74, 463–470.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Lehtelä, L., Salmelin, R. and Hari, R. (1997) Evidence for reactive magnetic I0-Hz rhythm in the human auditory cortex. Neurosci. Lett. 222, 111–114.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Levänen, S., Ahonen, A., Hari, R., McEvoy, L. and Sams, M. (1996) Deviant auditory stimuli activate human left and right auditory cortex differently. Cereb. Cortex 6, 288–296.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Levänen, S., Hari, R., McEvoy, L. and Sams, M. (1993) Responses of the human auditory cortex to changes in one vs. two stimulus features. Exp. Brain. Res. 97, 177–183.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Liegeois-Chauvel, C, Musolino, A. and Chauvel, P. (1990) Générateurs des potentiels évoqués auditifs corticaux chez l’homme. Colloque de Physique 51(C2), 135–138.Google Scholar
  18. Lounasmaa, O.V., Hämäläinen, M., Hari, R. and Salmelin, R. (1996) Information processing in the human brain — magnetoencephalographic approach. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 93, 8809–8815.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Loveless. N., Hari, R., Hämäläinen, M. and Tiihonen, J. (1989) Evoked responses of human auditory cortex may be enhanced by preceding stimuli. Electroenceph. Clin. Neurophysiol. 74, 217–227.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Loveless, N., Levänen, S., Jousmäki, V., Sams, M. and Hari, R. (1996) Temporal integration in auditory sensory memory: Neuromagnetic evidence. Electroenceph. Clin. Neurophysiol. 100, 220–228.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Lu, S.-T., Kajola, M., Joutsiniemi, S.-L., Knuutila, J. and Hari, R. (1992a) Generator sites of spontaneous MEG activity during sleep. Electroenceph. Clin. Neurophysiol. 82, 182–196.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Lu, Z.-L., Williamson, S. and Kaufman, L. (1992b) Behavioral lifetime of human auditory sensory memory predicted by physiological measures. Science 258, 1668–1670.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. McEvoy, L., Hari, R., Imada. T. and Sams, M. (1993) Human auditory cortical mechanisms of sound lateraliza-tion: II. Interaural time-differences at sound onset. Hear. Res. 67, 98–109.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Mäkelä, J.P., Hari, R., Valanne, L. and Ahonen, A. (1991) Auditory evoked magnetic fields after ischmie brain lesions. Ann. Neurol. 30, 76–82.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Näätänen, R. and Picton, T. (1987) The N1 wave of the human electric and magnetic response to sound: a review and analysis of the component structure. Psychophysiol. 24, 375–425.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Raij, T., McEvoy, L., Mäkelä, J.P. and Hari, R. (1996) Human auditory cortex is activated by omissions of auditory stimuli. Brain Res., 745, 134–143.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Rif, J., Hari, R., Hämäläinen, M. and Sams, M. (1991) Auditory attention affects two different areas in the human auditory cortex. Electroenceph. Clin. Neurophysiol. 79, 464–472.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Sams, M., Hari, R., Rif, J. and Knuutila, J. (1993) The human auditory sensory memory trace persists about 10 s: neuromagnetic evidence. J. Cogn. Neurosci. 5, 363–370.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Sato, S., Ed. (1990) Magnetoencephalography. Adv. Neurol.. Vol. 54. Raven Press, New York.Google Scholar
  30. Studdert-Kennedy, M. and Mody, M. (1995) Auditory temporal perception deficits in the reading-impaired: A criti-cal review of the evidence. Psychon. Bull. & Rev. 2, 508–514.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Tallal, P., Miller, S. and Fitch. R. (1993) Neurobiological basis of speech: a case for the preeminence of temporal processing. Ann. NY Acad. Sci. 682, 27–47.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Tiihonen, J., Hari. R., Kajola, M., Karhu, J., Ahlfors, S. and Tissari, S. (1991) Magnetoencephalographic 10-Hz rhythm from the human auditory cortex. Neurosci. Lett. 129, 303–305.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Zwicker, E. and Fasti, H. (1990) Psychoacoustics. Facts and Models. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Riitta Hari
    • 1
  1. 1.Brain Research Unit Low Temperature LaboratoryHelsinki University of TechnologyEspooFinland

Personalised recommendations