Sites on the Landscape: The Early Mesolithic
The Early Mesolithic, or Beuronien, lasted for approximately 2500 years, from 10,300 to 7800 b.p. The hallmark of this period is the abundance of microliths, which have been classified by Taute (1972/73) and used to establish a stylistic chronology. Three primary stages have been recognized in this scheme, derived from stratigraphic sequences in cave sites and supported by radiocarbon determinations: Beuronien A, characterized by isosceles triangles with obtuse angles, narrow, irregular trapezes, and lanceolate points with convex, dorsoventrally retouched bases; Beuronien B, with isosceles triangles with acute angles and lanceolate points with concave, dorso-ventrally retouched bases; and Beuronien C, typified by backed bladelets, very small and narrow scalene triangles, bilaterally backed micropoints, and lanceolate points with concave, dorsally retouched bases. Since this sequence was developed, a poorly defined fourth stage, the “Earliest Mesolithic,” has been recognized underlying the Beuronien A at a few sites.
KeywordsClay Depression Sandstone Charcoal Gravel
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