Advertisement

The Great Lakes Ecological Assessment

  • David T. Cleland
  • Larry A. Leefers
  • J. Michael Vasievich
  • Thomas R. Crow
  • Eunice A. Padley

Abstract

French explorer Jean Nicolet led the first European expedition to the northern Great Lakes region in 1634 (Stearns, 1997). This began a period of exploration and fur trading that lasted into the early 19th century. Many small settlements were established as trading centers, army posts, and missions, which subsequently grew into towns and cities as the midwestern U.S. population grew, with an attending growth in the demand for lumber.

Keywords

Great Lake Advance Very High Resolution Radiometer Advance Very High Resolution Radiometer Lake State Timber Supply 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Andersen, O.; Crow, T. R.; Lietz, S. M.; Steams, F. W. 1996. Transformation of a landscape in the upper Midwest, USA: the history of the lower St. Croix River valley, 1830 to present. Landscape Urban Plan.35: 247–267.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Cardille, J. A. 1998. Wildfires in the northern Great Lakes region: assessment at multiple scales of factors influencing wildfires in Minnesota, Wisconsin, and Michigan. Master’s thesis. Madison, WI: Environmental Monitoring, University of Wisconsin-Madison.Google Scholar
  3. Catton, B. 1984. Michigan: a history.New York: W.W. Norton.Google Scholar
  4. Christensen, N. L.; Bartuska, A. M.; Brown, J. H.; Carpenter, S.; D’Antonio, C.; Francis, R.; Franklin, J. F.; MacMahon, J. A.; Noss, R. F.; Parsons, D. L; Peterson, C. H.; Turner, M. G.; Woodmansee, R. G. 1996. The report of the Ecological Society of America committee on the scientific basis for ecosystem management. Ecol. Appl.6(3):665–691.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cleland, D. T.; Avers, P. E.; McNab, W. H.; Jensen, M. E.; Bailey, R. G.; King, T.; Russell, W. E. 1997. National hierarchical framework of ecological units. In: Boyce, M. S.; Haney, A., eds. Ecosystem management: applications for sustainable forest and wildlife resources.New Haven, CT, & London: Yale University Press: 181–200.Google Scholar
  6. Comer, P. J.; Albert, D. A.; Wells, H. A.; Hart, B. L.; Raab, J. B.; Price D. L.; Kashian, D. M; Corner, R. A.; Schuen, D. W. 1995. Michigan’s native landscape, as interpreted from the General Land Office Surveys 1816-1856. Lansing, MI: Michigan Natural Features Inventory.Google Scholar
  7. Denevan, W. M. 1992. The pristine myth: the landscape of the Americas in 1492. Ann. Assoc. Amer. Geogr. 82(3):369–385.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Finley, R. W. 1976. Map. Original vegetation cover of Wisconsin, compiled from U.S. General Land Office notes.Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Extension map (1: 500,000).Google Scholar
  9. Hagenstein, P. R. 1997. Interregional competition and the Lake States forest resources. In: Vasievich, J. M.; Webster, H. H., eds. Lake States regional forest resources assessment, technical papers.NC-GTR-189. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Dept. Agric., For. Serv., North Central For. Exp. Sta.: 270–289.Google Scholar
  10. Host, G. E.; Polzer, P. L. 1997. A comparison of forest cover classifications in the Great Lakes region based on AVHRR and Landsat Thematic Mapper Imagery.Tech. Rept. NRRI/TR-97/06. Duluth, MN: Natural Resources Research Institute, University of Minnesota-Duluth.Google Scholar
  11. Marschner, F. J. 1974. The original vegetation of Minnesota, a map compiled in 1930 by F. J. Marschner under the direction of M. L. Heinselman of the U.S. Forest Service. St Paul, MN: Cartography Laboratory of the Department of Geography, University of Minnesota-St. Paul. Map (1: 500,000).Google Scholar
  12. Pedersen, L. D.; Chappelle, D. E. 1997. Updated estimates of jobs and payrolls in tourism and forest products industries in the Lake States. In: Vasievich, J. M.; Webster, H. H., eds. Lake States regional forest resources assessment, technical papers.NC-GTR-189. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Dept. Agric., For. Serv., North Central For. Exp. Sta.: 179–181.Google Scholar
  13. Powell, D. S.; Faulkner, J. L.; Darr, D. R.; Zhu, Z.; MacCleery, D. W. 1993. Forest resources of the United States, 1992.RM-GTR-234. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Dept. Agric., For. Serv., Rocky Mountain For. Range Exp. Sta. (revised June 1994).Google Scholar
  14. Resh, S. 1994. Assessing the availability of timberland for harvest in the Lake States.Master’s thesis. East Lansing, MI: Michigan State University.Google Scholar
  15. Seesholtz, D.; Freeman, P.; Sorenson, D.; Padley, E.; Jordan, J. 1995. North woods broad-scale issue identification project.Unnumbered report. Milwaukee, WI: U.S. Dept. Agric., For. Serv., Eastern Region.Google Scholar
  16. Stearns, F. W. 1997. History of the Lake States: natural and human impacts. In: Vasievich, J. M.; Webster, H. H., eds. Lake States regional forest resources assessment, technical papers.NC-GTR-189. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Dept. Agric., For. Serv., North Central For. Exp. Sta.: 8–29.Google Scholar
  17. Stynes, D. J. 1997. Recreation activity and tourism spending in the Lake States. In: Vasievich, J. M.; Webster, H. H., eds. Lake States regional forest resources assessment, technical papers.NC-GTR-189. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Dept. Agric., For. Serv., North Central For. Exp. Sta.: 139–164.Google Scholar
  18. Vasievich, J. M.; Webster, H. H., editors. 1997. Lake States regional forest resources assessment, technical papers.NC-GTR-189. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Dept. Agric., For. Serv., North Central For. Exp. Sta.Google Scholar
  19. Vasievich, J. M.; Potter-Witter, K.; Leefers, L. A. 1997. Timber supply and market trends in the Lake States. In: Vasievich, J. M.; Webster, H. H., eds. Lake States regional forest resources assessment, technical papers. NC-GTR-189. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Dept. Agric., For. Serv., North Central For. Exp. Sta.: 290–314.Google Scholar
  20. Wolter, P. T.; Mladenoff, D.; Host, G.; Crow, T. R. 1995. Improved forest classification in the northern Lake States using multi-temporal Landsat imagery. Photogramm. Eng. Remote Sensing61(9): 1129–1143.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • David T. Cleland
  • Larry A. Leefers
  • J. Michael Vasievich
  • Thomas R. Crow
  • Eunice A. Padley

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations