Use of the Preperitoneal Space in Inguinofemoral Herniorrhaphy: Historical Considerations

  • Raymond C. Read


In ancient Egypt, groin hernias were treated only by external manipulation and bandaging, but celiotomy was used in India by the Hindus in the Brahmanic era (800-500 BC) and Praxagoras in Greece (350 BC) for the relief of obstructed and strangulated bowel resistant to taxis. Reduction of intestine, with or without incision of the hernial ring (kelotomy) or resection was accomplished through a small incision in the linea alba near the protrusion. During the Dark Ages, this procedure continued to be performed in the East. Most of the Greeks and all the Romans cut from below.1 This dichotomy between the transabdominal (posterior) and the inguinal (anterior) routes continued. In the Middle Ages, the incisor Stromayr, in his manuscript of 1559,2 illustrated transfixion of the spermatic cord at the external inguinal ring. Cantemir reported on transperitoneal taxis and repair in his history of the Ottoman Empire. This was translated into French by Joncquieres3 in 1743, and Marcy published it in English in 1892.4


Inguinal Hernia Spermatic Cord Femoral Hernia Groin Herniation Inguinal Canal 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Raymond C. Read
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Thoracic SurgeryCentral Arkansas Veterans Healthcare CenterLittle RockUSA
  2. 2.Department of SurgeryUniversity of Arkansas for Medical SciencesLittle RockUSA

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