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Open Educational Resources

  • Gráinne Conole
Chapter
Part of the Explorations in the Learning Sciences, Instructional Systems and Performance Technologies book series (LSIS, volume 4)

Abstract

There has been a growing interest in recent years in making educational content freely available. Terms such as ‘open content’ and ‘open educational resources’ have gained currency, and there is now a well-established international community of those interested in producing, using and researching open educational resources (OER). This chapter gives an overview of the growth of the OER movement and summarises some of the issues, highlighting key references.

Keywords

Open Content Open Educational Resource Framework Programme Project Quality Assurance Model Open Educational Practice 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Atkins, D. E., Seely Brown, J., & Hammond, A. L. (2007). A review of the Open Educational Resource movement: achievements, challenges and new opportunities. Report to the William and Hewlett Foundation. Available online at http://www.hewlett.org/uploads/files/ReviewoftheOERMovement.pdf. Accessed 7 Sept 2011.
  2. Borgeman, C. L., Abelson, H., Dirks, L., Johnson, R., Koedinger, K., Linn, M. C., Lynch, C. A., Oblinger, D. G., Pea, R. D., Salen, K., Smith, M., & Azalay, A. (2008). Fostering learning in the networked world: The cyberlearning opportunity and challenge. Report of the NSF task force on cyberlearning. Available online at http://www.nsf.gov/pubs/2008/nsf08204/nsf08204.pdf. Accessed 7 Oct 2011.
  3. Hylén, J. (2006). Open Educational resources: Opportunities and challenges. Proceedings of Open Education. Available online at http://www.knowledgeall.net/files/Additional_Readings-Consolidated.pdf. Accessed 7 Oct 2011.
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  5. Keller, P., & Mossink, W. (2009). Reuse of material in the context of education and research, SURFdirect, The Netherlands. Available online at http://learn.creativecommons.org/wp-content/uploads/2009/07/090706surfcc_reuse_materiaal_def.pdf. Accessed 7 Oct 2011.
  6. Lane, A. (2006). From pillar to post: Exploring the issues involved in re-purposing distance learning materials for use as Open Educational Resources (Openlearn working paper). Milton Keynes: The Open University. http://kn.open.ac.uk/public/document.cfm?docid=9724. Accessed 7 Oct 2011.
  7. McAndrew, P. (2006). Motivations for Openlearn: The Open University’s open content initiative. Openlearning workshop paper. Paper presented at the THe OECD experts meeting on Open Educational Resources. Retrieved from http://kn.open.ac.uk/public/document.cfm?docid=8816. Accessed 7 Oct 2011.
  8. McAndrew, P., Santos, A., Lane, A., Godwin, S., Okada, A., Wilson, T., Connolly, T., Ferreira, G., Buckingham Shum, S., Bretts, J., & Webb, R. (2009). Openlearn research report 2006–2008. Milton Keynes: The Open University.Google Scholar
  9. Oblinger, D., & Lombardi, M. M. (2008). Common knowledge: Openness in higher education. In T. Iiyoshi & M. S. V. Kumar (Eds.), Opening up education: The collective advancement of education through open technology, open content and open knowledge (pp. 289–400). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  10. OECD. (2007). Giving knowledge for free – The emergence of open educational resources: OECD. Available online at http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/35/7/38654317.pdf. Accessed 7 Oct 2011.
  11. UNESCO. (2002). Open Educational Resource open content for higher education. Final forum report. Available online at http://www.unesco.org/iiep/eng/focus/opensrc/PDF/OERForumFinalReport.pdf. Accessed 7 Oct 2011.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gráinne Conole
    • 1
  1. 1.Beyond Distance Research AllianceUniversity of LeicesterLeicesterUK

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