Design, Structure, and Behavior of Interpolymer Complex Membranes

  • Sarkyt E. Kudaibergenov
  • Larisa A. Bimendina
  • Gulmira T. Zhumadilova

Abstract

Polyelectrolyte complex (PEC) formation reactions between oppositely charged linear polyelectrolytes have been considered in detail.1-4 PEC formation reactions represent an interesting principle to develop PEC films,5 membranes,6 and microcapsules7,8 with unique permselective characteristics towards liquids,9 gases,10 and ions.11 Usually, at a low concentration of mixing polyelectrolytes PECs precipitate and the processing of thin films or membranes becomes a multistage process that includes the following steps: 1) the separation of precipitate; 2) dissolution of precipitate in a ternary mixture consisting of water, organic solvents, and neutral salts; 3) casting; 4) removal of impurities. Whereas a thin interfacial film of PEC about 20 nm thick is rapidly formed at higher polyelectrolyte concentrations (above 0.6 wt.%, or about 0.03 N).11 This film is stoichiometric and because of its impermeability the reaction is stopped after the initial formation of the thin film.

Keywords

Permeability Entropy Cellulose Urea Amide 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sarkyt E. Kudaibergenov
    • 1
  • Larisa A. Bimendina
    • 1
  • Gulmira T. Zhumadilova
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Polymer Materials and TechnologyAlmatyKazakhstan

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