Introduction

  • J. Štěpek
  • H. Daoust
Part of the Polymers book series (POLYMERS, volume 5)

Abstract

Additives for plastics are substances that are dispersed within polymeric materials in order to modify their behavior in the course of processing and to improve the properties desired of final products; this is done with minimal or no change of the polymer molecular structure. This definition excludes catalysts, initiators, cross-linking agents, and so on, which bring basic chemical changes to the polymer structure [1].

Keywords

Rubber Brittle Vinyl Macromolecule Phthalate 

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References

  1. 1.
    Mascia, L.: The Role of Additives in Plastics. Edward Arnold, London, 1974Google Scholar
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    Albert, W.: Kunststoffe 53, 86 (1963)Google Scholar
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    Bragan, C. G.: The Theory of Rubber Toughening of Brittle Polymers. In: Multicomponent Polymer Systems, Advances in Chemistry, Series 99. Washington, 1971, p. 86Google Scholar
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Recommended General Sources of References

  1. Seymour, R. B. and Carraher, C. E.: Polymer Chemistry. Dekker, New York, 1981Google Scholar
  2. Elias, H. G.: Macromolecules. Plenum Press, New York, 1977Google Scholar
  3. Mascia, L.: The Role of Additives in Plastics. Edward Arnold, London, 1974Google Scholar
  4. Modern Plastics Encyclopedia. McGraw-Hill, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  5. Encyclopedia of Polymer Science and Technology. Interscience, New York, 1964–1972Google Scholar
  6. Doležel, B.: Die Beständigkeit von Plaste und Gummi. Carl Hanzer Verlag, Munich, 1978Google Scholar
  7. Neiman.
    M. B.: Starenie i stabilizaciia polymerov. Nauka, Moscow, 1964; Ageing and Stabilization of Polymers. Consultants Bureau, New York, 1965Google Scholar
  8. Madorsky, S. L.: Thermal Degradation of Organic Polymers. Interscience, New York, 1964Google Scholar
  9. Aspects of Degradation and Stabilisation of Polymers (ed. Jellinek, H. H. G.) Elsevier, New York, 1978Google Scholar
  10. Fenimore, C. P.: Flame-Retardant Polymeric Materials (eds. Lewis, M., Atlas, S. M. and Pearce, E. M.) Plenum, New York, 1975Google Scholar
  11. Olabisi, O., Robeson, L. M., Shaw, M. T.: Polymer-Polymer Miscibility. Academic Press, New York, 1979Google Scholar
  12. Additives for Plastics (ed. Seymour, R. B.) Academic Press, New York, 1978Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Štěpek
    • 1
  • H. Daoust
    • 2
  1. 1.Prague Institute of Chemical TechnologyPragueCzechoslovakia
  2. 2.Université de MontréalMontréalCanada

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