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Cysteine Proteases from Bloodfeeding Arthropod Ectoparasites

  • Daniel Sojka
  • Ivo M. B. Francischetti
  • Eric Calvo
  • Michalis Kotsyfakis
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 712)

Abstract

Cysteine proteases have been discovered in various bloodfeeding ectoparasites. Here, we assemble the available information about the function of these peptidases and reveal their role in hematophagy and parasite development. While most of the data shed light on key proteolytic events that play a role in arthropod physiology, we also report on the association of cysteine proteases with arthropod vectorial capacity. With emphasis on ticks, specifically Ixodes ricinus, we finally propose a model about the contribution of cysteine peptidases to blood digestion and how their concerted action with other tick midgut proteases leads to the absorbance of nutrients by the midgut epithelial cells.

Keywords

Cysteine Protease Blood Feeding Ixodid Tick Midgut Cell Hard Tick 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Landes Bioscience and Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniel Sojka
    • 1
  • Ivo M. B. Francischetti
    • 2
  • Eric Calvo
    • 2
  • Michalis Kotsyfakis
    • 3
  1. 1.Laboratory of Vector Immunology, Institute of ParasitologyBiology Centre of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech RepublicCeske BudejoviceCzech Republic
  2. 2.Laboratory of Malaria and Vector Research, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious DiseasesNational Institutes of HealthRockvilleUSA
  3. 3.Laboratory of Genomics and Proteomics of Disease Vectors, Institute of ParasitologyBiology Centre of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech RepublicCzech Republic

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