• Ingvar LindgrenEmail author
Part of the Springer Series on Atomic, Optical, and Plasma Physics book series (SSAOPP, volume 63)


In Part I, we have considered methods for treating atomic many-body systems within the standard relativistic MBPT and coupled-cluster schemes, in what is known as the no-virtual-pair approximation (NVPA). In the second part, we shall include effects beyond this approximation, which we shall refer to as quantum-electrodynamical (QED) effects. We shall describe three methods for numerical calculations of QED effects on bound states, developed in the last few decades, which are all based upon field theory.1


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysicsUniversity of GothenburgGöteborgSweden

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