Critically Reading Power, Landscapes, Documents, and Artifacts in Industrialized Society

Chapter
Part of the Contributions To Global Historical Archaeology book series (CGHA)

Abstract

Rather than seeking a singular definition of power, this research explores myriad forms of power found within industrialized society and particularly within bureaucracy, built environments, and conspicuous consumption. Here, power is envisioned as something that individuals or groups might employ or experience in social, political, or economic networks and in varied levels of consciousness. It can involve power over others and power to change one’s own life circumstances, as well as aspects of domination, resistance, coercion, hegemony, heterarchy, and collusion. This chapter initially focuses on theories of power as proposed by Marx, Gramsci, Weber, Foucault, and Bourdieu, as well as their application to subsequent studies of complex societies, industrialization, and the archaeology of historical-period industrial sites. The second half of the chapter summarizes theory and case studies addressing documents, landscapes, and artifacts as sources of data to be read critically.

Keywords

Europe Income Stratification Posit Arena 

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Copyright information

© Springer New York 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyUniversity of ArizonaTucsonUSA

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