Sustaining Energy



You are reading an important paper in your field and suddenly find yourself thinking about what you need from the grocery store. You sit up and reread the previous two paragraphs. Not more than three paragraphs later, though, you wonder whether your black lab is in his doghouse or sleeping under the oak. You admonish yourself to focus.


Reductive Phrase summarySummary Abstract Nouns Passive Voice Painted Dogs 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    William Strunk, Jr., and E. B. White, The Elements of Style, 3rd ed. (New York: Macmillan Publishing Co., 1979), p. 23.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Mark Twain, letter to D. W. Bowser (20 Mar 1880).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Stephen King, On Writing: A Memoir of the Craft (New York: Scribner, 2000), p. 125.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    William Allen White, relayed in column of Seattle newspaper (1935). Many people attribute this quotation to Mark Twain, but the following website makes a strong case for it being coined by White:
  5. 5.
    Robert F. Gunning, “The Fog Index after Twenty Years,” Journal of Business Communication, vol. 6, no. 2 (1969), pp. 3–13.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Department of Energy, Solar Thermal Technology Annual Evaluation Report (Golden, CO: Solar Energy Research Institute, 1985), p. ii.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of EngineeringPenn State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA

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